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First-born siblings show better second language skills than later born siblings

Keller, Karin and Trösch, Larissa Maria and Grob, Alexander. (2015) First-born siblings show better second language skills than later born siblings. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. p. 705.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/40073/

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Abstract

We examined the extent to which three sibling structure variables number of siblings, birth order, and presence of an older sibling at school age are linked to the second language skills of bilingual children. The research questions were tested using an ethnically heterogeneous sample of 1209 bilingual children with German as a second language. Controlling for children’s age, sex, nationality, number of children’s books at home, family language and parental German language skills, hierarchical regression analyses showed an inverse relationship between the number of siblings and second language skills: the more siblings a child had, the lower was his/her second language proficiency. This relationship was mediated by attendance in early education institutions. Moreover, first-born siblings showed better second language skills than later born siblings. The current study revealed that the resource dilution model, i.e., the decrease in resources for every additional sibling, holds for second language acquisition. Moreover, the results indicate that bilingual children from families with several children benefit from access to early education institutions.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Grob)
UniBasel Contributors:Trösch, Larissa and Grob, Alexander
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Frontiers Media
e-ISSN:1664-1078
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:02 Nov 2017 10:21
Deposited On:02 Nov 2017 10:21

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