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Educational systems and gender segregation in education: a three country comparison of Germany, Norway and Canada

Imdorf, Christian and Hegna, Kristinn and Eberhard, Verena and Doray, Pierre. (2015) Educational systems and gender segregation in education: a three country comparison of Germany, Norway and Canada. Comparative social research, 31. pp. 83-122.

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Abstract

How do institutional settings and their embedded policy principles affect gender-typed enrolment in educational programmes? Based on gender-sensitive theories on career choice, we hypothesised that gender segregation in education is higher with a wider range of offers of vocational programmes. By analysing youth survey and panel data, we tested this assumption for Germany, Norway and Canada, three countries whose educational systems represent a different mix of academic, vocational and universalistic education principles. We found that voca- tional programmes are considerably more gender-segregated than are academic (e.g. university) programmes. Men, more so than women, can avoid gender-typed programmes by passing on to a university education. This in turn means that as long as their secondary school achievement does not allow for a higher education career, they have a higher likelihood of being allocated to male-typed programmes in the vocational education and training (VET) system. In addition, social background and the age at which students have to choose educational offers mediate the transition to gendered educational programmes. Overall, gender segregation in education is highest in Germany and the lowest in Canada. We interpret the differences between these countries with respect to the constellations of educational principles and policies in the respective countries.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Bildungssoziologie (Imdorf)
04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Fachbereich Soziologie > Sozialforschung und Methodologie (Bergman)
UniBasel Contributors:Imdorf, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing
ISSN:0195-6310
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article -- 'This article is © Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here (please insert the web address here). Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Language:English
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Last Modified:31 May 2018 08:32
Deposited On:15 May 2018 10:01

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