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A single-nucleotide-polymorphism real-time PCR assay for genotyping of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in peri-urban Kampala

Wampande, Eddie M. and Hatzios, Stavroula K. and Achan, Beatrice and Mupere, Ezekiel and Nsereko, Mary and Mayanja, Harriet K. and Eisenach, Kathleen and Boom, W. Henry and Gagneux, Sebastien and Joloba, Moses L. and Tuberculosis Research Unit, . (2015) A single-nucleotide-polymorphism real-time PCR assay for genotyping of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in peri-urban Kampala. BMC infectious diseases, Vol. 15 , 396.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6438871

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Abstract

Accurate and high-throughput genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) may be important for understanding the epidemiology and pathogenesis of tuberculosis (TB). In this study, we report the development of a LightCycler® real-time PCR single-nucleotide-polymorphism (LRPS) assay for the rapid determination of MTBC lineages/sublineages in minimally processed sputum samples from TB patients.; Genotyping analysis of 70 MTBC strains was performed using the Long Sequence Polymorphism-PCR (LSP-PCR) technique and the LRPS assay in parallel. For targeted sequencing, 9 MTBC isolates (three isolates per MTBC lineage) were analyzed for lineage-specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the following three genes to verify LRPS results: Rv004c for MTB Uganda family, Rv2962 for MTB lineage 4, and Rv0129c for MTB lineage 3. The MTBC lineages present in 300 smear-positive sputum samples were then determined by the validated LRPS method without prior culturing.; The LSP-PCR and LRPS assays produced consistent genotyping data for all 70 MTBC strains; however, the LSP-PCR assay was 10-fold less sensitive than the LRPS method and required higher DNA concentrations to successfully characterize the MTBC lineage of certain samples. Targeted sequencing of genes containing lineage-specific SNPs was 100 % concordant with the genotyping results and provided further validation of the LRPS assay. Of the 300 sputum samples analyzed, 58 % contained MTBC from the MTBC-Uganda family, 27 % from the MTBC lineage 4 (excluding MTBC Uganda family), 13 % from the MTBC lineage 3, and the remaining 2 % were of indeterminate lineage.; The LRPS assay is a sensitive, high-throughput technique with potential application to routine genotyping of MTBC in sputum samples from TB patients.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Tuberculosis Research (Gagneux)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Gagneux, Sebastien
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2334
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:58
Deposited On:06 Nov 2015 10:21

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