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Induction of plasma inhibitors of interleukin 1 and TNF-alpha activity by endotoxin administration to normal humans

Spinas, G. A. and Bloesch, D. and Kaufmann, M. T. and Keller, U. and Dayer, J. M.. (1990) Induction of plasma inhibitors of interleukin 1 and TNF-alpha activity by endotoxin administration to normal humans. American journal of physiology : AJP, Vol. 259, H. 5 Pt. 2 , R993-R997.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6419889

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Abstract

Several naturally occurring inhibitors of interleukin 1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) have been demonstrated both in serum and urine of febrile patients. These factors are considered to be part of a regulatory system counteracting potential deleterious effects of the cytokines. We have assayed plasma samples of volunteers who received a bolus intravenous injection of either 4 ng/kg body wt of Escherichia coli endotoxin (n = 6) or 0.9% saline (n = 4) for the presence of IL-1 and TNF-alpha inhibitory activity. Plasma obtained 3 h after endotoxin injection inhibited IL-1-induced PGE2 release from fibroblasts by 57% (P less than 0.001 vs. baseline and saline controls, respectively). Maximal IL-1 inhibitory capacity coincided with fever and tended to disappear with declining body temperature. Normal plasma was found to inhibit TNF-alpha-induced PGE2 release by 20-35%. This inhibitory effect increased to 50-60% in plasma obtained during endotoxinemia. Maximal TNF-alpha inhibitory capacity became detectable when circulating TNF-alpha levels peaked at 120 min after the injection of endotoxin. Our data demonstrate that both IL-1 and TNF-alpha inhibitory activity can be induced experimentally by intravenous endotoxin administration to humans and that their appearance coincides with fever and circulating TNF-alpha levels.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Metabolism (Keller/Müller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Endokrinologie (Keller)
UniBasel Contributors:Keller, Ulrich O.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0002-9513
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:04 Sep 2015 14:32
Deposited On:04 Sep 2015 14:32

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