Zu den phönizischen Inschriften des Grabes V in Byblos : Graffito im Grabschacht (KAI 2) und Inschrift auf dem Sarkophag (KAI 1) Aḥiroms

Jenni, Hanna. (2015) Zu den phönizischen Inschriften des Grabes V in Byblos : Graffito im Grabschacht (KAI 2) und Inschrift auf dem Sarkophag (KAI 1) Aḥiroms. In: Neue Beiträge zur Semitistik. Münster, pp. 121-138.

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Two Phoenician inscriptions are known from tomb no. V in the royal necropolis of Byblos: one on a wall of the shaft and the other on one of the three sarcophagi found in the tomb chamber. As stated in the inscription on the sarcophagus, the latter belonged to a certain Aḥirom. His son Ittobaʕal – to adopt the earlier reading of his name, see note 15 – was the author of this text. The inscription is probably to be dated to the beginning or to the first half of the 10th century B.C. The inscription on the sarcophagus as well as the graffito in the shaft have long been known (KAI 1 and 2). However, their interpretation is either not yet satisfactory in all respects or remains controversial. In this presentation, new analyses are proposed. Instead of the earlier ritual interpretation of the graffito in the shaft, a pragmatic one is given, relating to the construction of the tomb (warning against the danger of falling). As for the first part of the inscription on the sarcophagus, it is to be assumed that Ittobaʕal was most probably an usurper and had his father’s body moved to the royalnecropolis. This had the purpose of anchoring his own kingship, because his father was not his royal predecessor,as the phrasing at the beginning of the inscription suggests. It is further proposed that the secondpart of the inscription contains a curse against potential violators of the tomb related exclusively to suchviolators and that the propositions about the negative fate of the city and its authority should be seen as aresult of the outrage (part of the protasis) and not, as hitherto, a threat (part of the apodosis).
Faculties and Departments:01 Faculty of Theology > Ehemalige Organisationseinheiten Theologie > Altes Testament und semitische Sprachwissenschaft (Mathys)
04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Altertumswissenschaften > Fachbereich Ägyptologie
UniBasel Contributors:Jenni, Hanna
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item, refereed
Conference or workshop item Subtype:Conference Paper
ISBN:978-3-86835-163-7 ; 3-86835-163-9
Series Name:Alter Orient und Altes Testament
Issue Number:Bd. 425
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Conference paper
Last Modified:04 Sep 2015 14:32
Deposited On:04 Sep 2015 14:32

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