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Dissection of in vivo functions of HDAC-6 and HDAC-1

Zhang, Yu. Dissection of in vivo functions of HDAC-6 and HDAC-1. 2004, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_7120

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Abstract

Protein post-translational modifications play important roles in almost all biological processes. Those modifications
extend the biological complexity based on primary amino acid sequence and have dramatic impact on protein's
structure and functions. Specially, acetylatlion on histone N-terminal tails has been extensively studied and shown to
be involved in the regulation of chromatin structure and functions. The acetylatlion not only directly influences the
packaging of the chromatin but also provides new interaction platforms and signals for other chromatin-interacting
proteins, complexes, and activities. Moreover, increasing numbers of nonhistone proteins have been shown to be
regulated by acetylation/deacetylation. To understand in vivo role of histone and protein acetylation, we started to
investigate two histone deacetylases, HDAC-6 and HDAC-1. For this a variety of techniques were used including gene
targeting in mice.
In the introduction part the general definition and contents of epigenetics are presented. Then, various histone
modifications and their in vivo functions will be summarized. Specially, the acetylation/deacetylation of histones and
nonhistone substrates and their regulation by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs)
are discussed. Finally, the clinical aspects of protein acetylation are considered.
The result section can be divided into four parts. First, we identified HDAC-6 as a novo tubulin deacetylase in vitro and
in vivo. Second, mainly based on experiments based on HDAC-6, we analyzed the structural basis of the histone and
tubulin deacetylation reaction and proposed a model for general protein deacetylation reaction. In the third part, we
generated HDAC-6 deficient mice and cells and have begun to characterize them. Finally, we presented ongoing
results on the generation of HDAC-1 floxed mice and HDAC-1 deficient cells.
Advisors:Matthias, Patrick D.
Committee Members:Meins, Frederick and Hynes, Nancy
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Friedrich Miescher Institut FMI
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:7120
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:124
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Feb 2018 11:41
Deposited On:13 Feb 2009 15:29

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