Cross-regulatory protein-protein interactions between Hox and Pax transcription factors

Plaza, Serge and Prince, Frederic and Adachi, Yoshitsugu and Punzo, Claudio and Cribbs, David L. and Gehring, Walter J.. (2008) Cross-regulatory protein-protein interactions between Hox and Pax transcription factors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 105, H. 36. pp. 13439-13444.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5262482

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Homeotic Hox selector genes encode highly conserved transcriptional regulators involved in the differentiation of multicellular organisms. Ectopic expression of the Antennapedia (ANTP) homeodomain protein in Drosophila imaginal discs induces distinct phenotypes, including an antenna-to-leg transformation and eye reduction. We have proposed that the eye loss phenotype is a consequence of a negative posttranslational control mechanism because of direct protein-protein interactions between ANTP and Eyeless (EY). In the present work, we analyzed the effect of various ANTP homeodomain mutations for their interaction with EY and for head development. Contrasting with the eye loss phenotype, we provide evidence that the antenna-to-leg transformation involves ANTP DNA-binding activity. In a complementary genetic screen performed in yeast, we isolated mutations located in the N terminus of the ANTP homeodomain that inhibit direct interactions with EY without abolishing DNA binding in vitro and in vivo. In a bimolecular fluorescence complementation assay, we detected the ANTP-EY interaction in vivo, these interactions occurring through the paired domain and/or the homeodomain of EY. These results demonstrate that the homeodomain supports multiple molecular regulatory functions in addition to protein-DNA and protein-RNA interactions; it is also involved in protein-protein interactions.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Cell Biology (Gehring)
UniBasel Contributors:Gehring, Walter Jakob
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:21
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:24

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