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Vom Seuchen- zum Präventionskörper? : Aids und Körperpolitik im deutschsprachigen Raum der 1980er Jahre

Bänziger, Peter-Paul. (2014) Vom Seuchen- zum Präventionskörper? : Aids und Körperpolitik im deutschsprachigen Raum der 1980er Jahre. Body Politics, Vol. 2, H. 3. pp. 179-214.

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Abstract

Based on popular media and AIDS education posters from Germany and Switzerland I distinguish two main phases within the history of AIDS in the 1980s and 1990s. The first of them comprises the period from the beginning of the so-called »AIDS crisis« to the mid-1980s, during which AIDS was constructed as a disease of the (sexual) other. In this context of sexist, racist, and classist discourses about »the plague«, a con- nection of AIDS and male homosexuality came to the fore that was unknown in the 1970s debate on the recurrence of infectious diseases. The second phase began around 1985 when the focus of the AIDS prevention programs was gradually shifted from »risk groups« to »risk behavior« – not least in response to the harsh criticism raised by grass- roots groups. This transformation, I argue, came along with a re-subjectivation of the sexually active individual as self-reliant and socially responsible. Furthermore, the emer- gence of the risk discourse was accompanied by an iconography of a healthy and athletic »prevention body«. Since the early 1990s it increasingly replaced the haggard and dis- eased »AIDS body« that had dominated the iconography of AIDS throughout the previous decade.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Geschichte > Bereich Neuere und Neueste Geschichte
UniBasel Contributors:Bänziger, Peter-Paul
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
ISSN:2196-4793
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:German
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:58
Deposited On:07 Aug 2015 12:06

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