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Copper(I)-based dye-sensitized solar cells with sterically demanding anchoring ligands : bigger is not always better

Brauchli, S. Y. and Malzner, F. J. and Constable, E. C. and Housecroft, C. E.. (2015) Copper(I)-based dye-sensitized solar cells with sterically demanding anchoring ligands : bigger is not always better. RSC advances, 5. pp. 48516-48525.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6390974

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Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of ((6,6′-diphenyl-[2,2′-bipyridine]-4,4′-diyl)bis(4,1-phenylene))bis(phosphonic acid), 2, are described. Compound 2 has been incorporated as an anchoring ligand in copper(I)-containing dyes in n-type dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs), combined with 2,2′-bipyridine (bpy), 6-methyl-2,2′-bipyridine (6-Mebpy), 6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine (6,6′-Me2bpy), 4,4′-di(4-bromophenyl)-6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine (3) or 4,4′-di(4-bromophenyl)-6,6′-diphenyl-2,2′-bipyridine (4) as ancillary ligands (Lancillary). Dyes were assembled on mesoporous TiO2 using an on-surface assembly strategy which relies on ligand exchange between surface-anchored Lanchor and [Cu(Lancillary)2]+; 1H NMR spectroscopy was used to confirm that the bulky phenyl substituents did not hinder ligand exchange. Comparison of values of the open-circuit voltages (VOC), short-circuit current densities (JSC) and external quantum efficiency (EQE) spectra for DSCs with model dyes [Cu(2)(bpy)]+, [Cu(2)(6-Mebpy)]+ and [Cu(2)(6,6′-Me2bpy)]+ confirm that methyl-substituents in Lancillary are beneficial. Performance data for DSCs with dyes [Cu(1)(3)]+, [Cu(1)(4)]+, [Cu(2)(3)]+ and [Cu(2)(4)]+ where 1 is the anchor ((6,6′-dimethyl-[2,2′-bipyridine]-4,4′-diyl)bis(4,1-phenylene))bis(phosphonic acid) show that dyes with anchor 2 (phenyl substituents in the 6- and 6′-positions) give relative conversion efficiencies ≤10% with respect to standard dye N719 set at η = 100%; this compares with relative efficiencies of up to 34.5% for the dyes [Cu(1)(3)]+ and [Cu(1)(4)]+. The performance of [Cu(2)(3)]+ can be improved by the addition of the co-adsorbant chenodeoxycholic acid. Although the phenyl (versus methyl) substituents lead to enhanced light absorption to lower energies, dyes with anchor 2 quickly bleach when exposed to the I−/I3− electrolyte; bleaching also occurs after soaking in solutions of LiI. The dye can be regenerated by treatment of a bleached electrode with Lancillary, or with [Cu(NCMe)4]+ followed by Lancillary.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Constable)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Housecroft)
UniBasel Contributors:Housecroft, Catherine Elizabeth and Constable, Edwin Charles and Brauchli, Sven and Malzner, Frederik Jürgen
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2046-2069
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:58
Deposited On:03 Jul 2015 08:53

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