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TOR1 and TOR2 are structurally and functionally similar but not identical phosphatidylinositol kinase homologues in yeast

Helliwell, S. B. and Wagner, P. and Kunz, J. and Deuter-Reinhard, M. and Henriquez, R. and Hall, M. N.. (1994) TOR1 and TOR2 are structurally and functionally similar but not identical phosphatidylinositol kinase homologues in yeast. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5 (1). pp. 105-118.

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Abstract

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes TOR1 and TOR2 were originally identified by mutations that confer resistance to the immunosuppressant rapamycin. TOR2 was previously shown to encode an essential 282-kDa phosphatidylinositol kinase (PI kinase) homologue. The TOR1 gene product is also a large (281 kDa) PI kinase homologue, with 67% identity to TOR2. TOR1 is not essential, but a TOR1 TOR2 double disruption uniquely confers a cell cycle (G1) arrest as does exposure to rapamycin; disruption of TOR2 alone is lethal but does not cause a cell cycle arrest. TOR1-TOR2 and TOR2-TOR1 hybrids indicate that carboxy-terminal domains of TOR1 and TOR2 containing a lipid kinase sequence motif are interchangeable and therefore functionally equivalent; the other portions of TOR1 and TOR2 are not interchangeable. The TOR1-1 and TOR2-1 mutations, which confer rapamycin resistance, alter the same potential protein kinase C site in the respective protein's lipid kinase domain. Thus, TOR1 and TOR2 are likely similar but not identical, rapamycin-sensitive PI kinases possibly regulated by phosphorylation. TOR1 and TOR2 may be components of a novel signal transduction pathway controlling progression through G1.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Biochemistry (Hall)
UniBasel Contributors:Hall, Michael N.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society for Cell Biology
ISSN:1059-1524
e-ISSN:1939-4586
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Identification Number:
Last Modified:08 Nov 2017 10:42
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:23

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