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Impact de l'urbanisation sur l'indice plasmodique et les densités parasitaires chez les enfants de 0 à 5 ans dans la commune de Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)

Koné, A. B. and Tiembré, I. and Cissé, G. and Diallo, A. and Tanner, M. and N'Goran, K. E.. (2015) Impact de l'urbanisation sur l'indice plasmodique et les densités parasitaires chez les enfants de 0 à 5 ans dans la commune de Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire). Médecine et santé tropicales, Vol. 25, H. 1. pp. 69-74.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6373543

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Abstract

From September 23-30, 2005, we conducted a cross-sectional study in six townships of Yopougon, a municipality of Abidjan. These townships were grouped in three levels of urbanization (village, precarious township, and residential township). The main objective of this survey was to determine the impact of urbanization on the malaria infection (parasite) rate and parasite density, and their consequences on the heterogeneity of malaria transmission in urban Abidjan. Specifically we compared these rates in all three urbanization levels, selecting two townships for each level to take environmental specificities observed from previous data into account. The study included 400 households per township. All children younger than 5 years in these households were included. Thick and thin blood smears were taken for each child on slides, and each slide was examined by microscope after staining. The malaria infection rate was 21.8%, indicating mesoendemic malaria. Its distribution varied significantly between the three urbanization levels. Malaria parasite densities also varied significantly between them. These results confirm the involvement of urbanization in the heterogeneity of malaria transmission in the city of Abidjan.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Ecosystem Services, Climate & Health (Cissé)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Cissé, Guéladio and Tanner, Marcel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:John Libbey Eurotext
ISSN:2261-3684
Note:Variant title: >>The<< impact of urbanization on malaria infection rate and parasite density in children in the municipality of Yopougon, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Jul 2015 08:53
Deposited On:05 Jun 2015 08:53

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