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Unsupervised footwear impression analysis and retrieval from crime scene data

Kortylewski, Adam and Albrecht, Thomas and Vetter, Thomas. (2015) Unsupervised footwear impression analysis and retrieval from crime scene data. In: Computer Vision - ACCV 2014 : 12th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Singapore, Singapore, November 1-5, 2014 ; revised selected papers, Vol. 1. Cham, pp. 644-658.

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Abstract

Footwear impressions are one of the most frequently securedtypes of evidence at crime scenes. For the investigation of crime seriesthey are among the major investigative notes. In this paper, we introducean unsupervised footwear retrieval algorithm that is able to cope withunconstrained noise conditions and is invariant to rigid transformations.A main challenge for the automated impression analysis is the separationof the actual shoe sole information from the structured backgroundnoise. We approach this issue by the analysis of periodic patterns. Givenunconstrained noise conditions, the redundancy within periodic patternsmakes them the most reliable information source in the image. In thiswork, we present four main contributions: First, we robustly measurelocal periodicity by fitting a periodic pattern model to the image. Second,based on the model, we normalize the orientation of the image andcompute the window size for a local Fourier transformation. In this way,we avoid distortions of the frequency spectrum through other structuresor boundary artefacts. Third, we segment the pattern through robustpoint-wise classification, making use of the property that the amplitudesof the frequency spectrum are constant for each position in a periodicpattern. Finally, the similarity between footwear impressions is measuredby comparing the Fourier representations of the periodic patterns. Wedemonstrate robustness against severe noise distortions as well as rigidtransformations on a database with real crime scene impressions. Moreover,we make our database available to the public, thus enabling standardizedbenchmarking for the first time.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Mathematik und Informatik > Informatik > Computergraphik Bilderkennung (Vetter)
UniBasel Contributors:Vetter, Thomas and Kortylewski, Adam
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item, refereed
Conference or workshop item Subtype:Conference Paper
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer International Publishing
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Conference paper
Language:English
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:57
Deposited On:05 Jun 2015 08:52

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