Computer tomographic evaluation of talar edge configuration for osteochondral graft transplantation

Wiewiorski, M. and Hoechel, S. and Wishart, K. and Leumann, A. and Muller-Gerbl, M. and Valderrabano, V. and Nowakowski, A. M.. (2012) Computer tomographic evaluation of talar edge configuration for osteochondral graft transplantation. Clinical anatomy, Vol. 25, H. 6. pp. 773-780.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6338264

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To successfully surgically reconstruct osteochondral lesions of the talus, the exact three-dimensional (3D) configuration of the upper articular surface of the talus has to be respected. We assessed the talar geometry by measuring the coronal and sagittal talar edge radius and the frontal talar profile in multiplanar reconstructions of computer tomographic (CT) studies of 79 patients (83 feet) with a healthy ankle joint. An image visualization software designated for coordinate measurement was used to perform the measurement. In the coronal plane, the mean lateral talar edge radius was 4.0 mm and the medial 4.5 mm. In the sagittal planes the mean lateral talar edge radius was 20.3 mm, the radius of the sulcus 20.7 mm and the medial talar edge radius 20.4 mm. The talus showed a concave shape in coronal cuts. These results show a significant difference between medial and lateral talar edge configuration in coronal planes. The measurements of the lateral and medial sagittal radius and the mid-sagittal radius in the sulcus tali show no statistically significant difference. The depth of the talar sulcus shows no correlation to age or sex. Different sizes of custom-made tissue-engineered grafts according to the location of the osteochondral lesion at the talus are needed for exact surgical reconstruction of the anatomy. Osteochondral lesions are three dimensional; therefore, a 3D preoperative planning tool by CT scan or MRI is mandatory.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Anatomy > Musculosceletal Research (Müller-Gerbl)
UniBasel Contributors:Müller-Gerbl, Magdalena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 Apr 2015 09:14
Deposited On:10 Apr 2015 09:14

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