Functional properties of extrasynaptic AMPA and NMDA receptors during postnatal hippocampal neurogenesis

Schmidt-Salzmann, C. and Li, L. and Bischofberger, J.. (2013) Functional properties of extrasynaptic AMPA and NMDA receptors during postnatal hippocampal neurogenesis. The journal of physiology, Vol. 592, Nr. 1. pp. 125-140.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6338705

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In the mammalian hippocampus, new granule cells are continuously generated throughout life. Although it is well known that they rapidly form several thousand new glutamatergic synapses, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. As extrasynaptic NMDA receptors are believed to support the generation of new spines, we have studied the functional properties of extrasynaptic ionotropic glutamate receptors in newborn granule cells in juvenile rats during and after synaptic integration. Using fast application of glutamate to outside-out membrane patches, we show that all immature granule cells express functional AMPA and NMDA receptors. The density of AMPA receptors was small in cells starting to receive excitatory synaptic input (~30 pS/microm2) but substantially increased during synaptic integration to finally reach ~ 120 pS/microm2 in fully mature cells. Interestingly, AMPA receptors showed a biphasic change in desensitisation time constant which was slowest during synaptic integration and substantially faster before and afterwards. This was paralleled by a change in the non-desensitising current component which was maximal during synaptic integration and about 50% smaller afterwards. Surprisingly, the NMDA-receptor kinetics and density in young cells was already comparable to mature cells (~10 pS/microm2), leading to an enhanced NMDA-/AMPA-receptor density ratio. Similar to somatic outside-out patches, iontophoretic application of glutamate onto dendrites also revealed an enhanced dendritic NMDA/AMPA ratio in young cells. These data indicate that prolonged AMPAR currents in newly generated young granule cells might support the effective activation of extrasynaptic NMDA receptors and therefore constitute a competitive advantage over mature cells for new synapse formation.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Physiology > Cellular Neurophysiology (Bischofberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Bischofberger, Josef
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 Apr 2015 09:13
Deposited On:10 Apr 2015 09:13

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