Role of membrane association and Atg14-dependent phosphorylation in beclin-1-mediated autophagy

Fogel, A. I. and Dlouhy, B. J. and Wang, C. and Ryu, S. W. and Neutzner, A. and Hasson, S. A. and Sideris, D. P. and Abeliovich, H. and Youle, R. J.. (2013) Role of membrane association and Atg14-dependent phosphorylation in beclin-1-mediated autophagy. Molecular and cellular biology, Vol. 33, H. 18. pp. 3675-3688.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6338232

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During autophagy, a double membrane envelops cellular material for trafficking to the lysosome. Human beclin-1 and its yeast homologue, Atg6/Vps30, are scaffold proteins bound in a lipid kinase complex with multiple cellular functions, including autophagy. Several different Atg6 complexes exist, with an autophagy-specific form containing Atg14. However, the roles of Atg14 and beclin-1 in the activation of this complex remain unclear. We here addressed the mechanism of beclin-1 complex activation and reveal two critical steps in this pathway. First, we identified a unique domain in beclin-1, conserved in the yeast homologue Atg6, which is involved in membrane association and, unexpectedly, controls autophagosome size and number in yeast. Second, we demonstrated that human Atg14 is critical in controlling an autophagy-dependent phosphorylation of beclin-1. We map these novel phosphorylation sites to serines 90 and 93 and demonstrate that phosphorylation at these sites is necessary for maximal autophagy. These results help clarify the mechanism of beclin-1 and Atg14 during autophagy.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Ocular Pharmacology and Physiology (Neutzner/Meyer)
UniBasel Contributors:Neutzner, Albert
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 Apr 2015 09:12
Deposited On:10 Apr 2015 09:12

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