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The putative RNase P motif in the DEAD box helicase Hera is dispensable for efficient interaction with RNA and helicase activity

Linden, M. H. and Hartmann, R. K. and Klostermeier, D.. (2008) The putative RNase P motif in the DEAD box helicase Hera is dispensable for efficient interaction with RNA and helicase activity. Nucleic Acids Research, 36 (18). pp. 5800-5811.

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Abstract

DEAD box helicases use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to remodel RNA structures or RNA/protein complexes. They share a common helicase core with conserved signature motifs, and additional domains may confer substrate specificity. Identification of a specific substrate is crucial towards understanding the physiological role of a helicase. RNA binding and ATPase stimulation are necessary, but not sufficient criteria for a bona fide helicase substrate. Here, we report single molecule FRET experiments that identify fragments of the 23S rRNA comprising hairpin 92 and RNase P RNA as substrates for the Thermus thermophilus DEAD box helicase Hera. Both substrates induce a switch to the closed conformation of the helicase core and stimulate the intrinsic ATPase activity of Hera. Binding of these RNAs is mediated by the Hera C-terminal domain, but does not require a previously proposed putative RNase P motif within this domain. ATP-dependent unwinding of a short helix adjacent to hairpin 92 in the ribosomal RNA suggests a specific role for Hera in ribosome assembly, analogously to the Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis helicases DbpA and YxiN. In addition, the specificity of Hera for RNase P RNA may be required for RNase P RNA folding or RNase P assembly.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Klostermeier)
UniBasel Contributors:Klostermeier, Dagmar
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
e-ISSN:1362-4962
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Oct 2017 09:02
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:23

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