DafA cycles between the DnaK chaperone system and translational machinery

Dumitru, G. L. and Groemping, Y. and Klostermeier, D. and Restle, T. and Deuerling, E. and Reinstein, J.. (2004) DafA cycles between the DnaK chaperone system and translational machinery. Journal of molecular biology, Vol. 339, H. 5. pp. 1179-1189.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259712

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DafA is encoded by the dnaK operon of Thermus thermophilus and mediates the formation of a highly stable complex between the chaperone DnaK and its co-chaperone DnaJ under normal growth conditions. DafA(Tth) contains 87 amino acid residues and is the only member of the DnaK(Tth) chaperone system for which no corresponding protein has yet been identified in other organisms and whose particular function has remained elusive. Here, we show directly that the DnaK(Tth)-DnaJ(Tth)-DafA(Tth) complex cannot represent the active chaperone species since DafA(Tth) inhibits renaturation of firefly luciferase by suppressing substrate association. Since DafA(Tth) must be released before the substrate proteins can bind we hypothesized that free DafA(Tth) might have regulatory functions connected to the heat shock response. Here, we present evidence that supports this hypothesis. We identified the 70S ribosome as binding target of free DafA(Tth). Our results show that the association of DafA(Tth) and 70S ribosomes does not require the participation of DnaK(Tth) or DnaJ(Tth). On the contrary, the assembly of DnaK(Tth)-DnaJ(Tth)-DafA(Tth) and ribosome-DafA(Tth) complexes seems to be competitive. These findings strongly suggest the involvement of DafA(Tth) in regulatory processes occurring at a translational level, which could represent a new mechanism of heat shock response as an adaptation to elevated temperature.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Klostermeier)
UniBasel Contributors:Klostermeier, Dagmar
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:21
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:23

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