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Efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for the surface code

Hutter, A. and Wootton, J. R. and Loss, D.. (2014) Efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for the surface code. Physical review. A, Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, Vol. 89, H. 2 , 022326.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6348175

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Abstract

Minimum-weight perfect matching (MWPM) has been the primary classical algorithm for error correction in the surface code, since it is of low runtime complexity and achieves relatively low logical error rates [Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 180501 (2012)]. A Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm [Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 160503 (2012)] is able to achieve lower logical error rates and higher thresholds than MWPM, but requires a classical runtime complexity, which is super-polynomial in L, the linear size of the code. In this work we present an MCMC algorithm that achieves significantly lower logical error rates than MWPM at the cost of a runtime complexity increased by a factor O(L-2). This advantage is due to taking correlations between bit-and phase-flip errors (as they appear, for example, in depolarizing noise) as well as entropic factors (i.e., the numbers of likely error paths in different equivalence classes) into account. For depolarizing noise with error rate p, we present an efficient algorithm for which the logical error rate is suppressed as O((p/3)(L/2)) for p -< 0-an exponential improvement over all previously existing efficient algorithms. Our algorithm allows for tradeoffs between runtime and achieved logical error rates as well as for parallelization, and can be also used for correction in the case of imperfect stabilizer measurements.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Loss, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
ISSN:1050-2947
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Mar 2015 07:44
Deposited On:06 Mar 2015 07:44

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