Dimethylfumarate inhibits CXCL10 via haem oxygenase-1 in airway smooth muscle

Seidel, P. and Hostettler, K. E. and Hughes, J. M. and Tamm, M. and Roth, M.. (2013) Dimethylfumarate inhibits CXCL10 via haem oxygenase-1 in airway smooth muscle. The European respiratory journal, Vol. 41, H. 1. pp. 195-202.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6338069

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CXCL10 stimulates mast cell infiltration into airway smooth muscle bundles and, thus, activate cytokine secretion and airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) proliferation. Dimethylfumarate (DMF) reduces cytokine secretion by lymphocytes and ASMC proliferation through haem oxygenase (HO)-1. Therefore, we investigated the potency of DMF to inhibit tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha- and interferon (IFN)-gamma-induced CXCL10 secretion by human ASMCs. Human primary ASMCs were pre-incubated with DMF and/or fluticasone and/or glutathione ethylester before cells were stimulated with IFN-gamma and/or TNF-alpha. DMF inhibited CXCL10 secretion and increased HO-1 levels, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibition reduced DMF-dependent HO-1 expression. The DMF effect on CXCL10 secretion was abrogated by pre-treatment with HO-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA). Glutathione supplementation reversed all DMF effects on CXCL10 secretion and p38 MAPK phosphorylation. Importantly, combining DMF with fluticasone further reduced CXCL10 secretion. In addition, DMF inhibited IFN-gamma-induced CXCL10 secretion. This effect was compensated by glutathione supplementation or by pre-treatment with HO-1 siRNA. In addition, DMF reduced TNF-alpha-induced granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) secretion but had no effect on INF-gamma-induced G-CSF secretion. In human primary ASMCs, DMF inhibits CXCL10 secretion by reducing the cellular glutathione level and by activation of p38 MAPK and HO-1. Therefore, DMF may reduce airway inflammation in asthma by a glucocorticoid-independent pathway.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Pulmonary Cell Research (Roth/Tamm)
UniBasel Contributors:Tamm, Michael and Roth-Chiarello, Michael
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Mar 2015 07:44
Deposited On:06 Mar 2015 07:44

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