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Actin's propensity for dynamic filament patterning

Schoenenberger, C. -A. and Bischler, N. and Fahrenkrog, B. and Aebi, U.. (2002) Actin's propensity for dynamic filament patterning. FEBS letters, Vol. 529, H. 1. pp. 27-33.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259611

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Abstract

Actin, through its various forms of assembly, provides the basic framework for cell motility, cell shape and intracellular organization in all eukaryotic cells. Many other cellular processes, for example endocytosis and cytokinesis, are also associated with dynamic changes of the actin cytoskeleton. Important prerequisites for actin's functional diversity are its intrinsic ability to rapidly assemble and disassemble filaments and its spatially and temporally well-controlled supramolecular organization. A large number of proteins that interact with actin, collectively referred to as actin-binding proteins (ABPs), carefully orchestrate different scenarios. Since its isolation in 1994 [Machesky, L.M. et al. (1994) J. Cell Biol. 127, 107-115], the Arp2/3 complex containing the actin-related proteins Arp2 and Arp3 has evolved to be one of the main players in the assembly and maintenance of many actin-based structures in the cell (for review see [Borths, E.L. and Welch, M.D. (2002) Structure 10, 131-135; May, R.C. (2001) Cell Mol. Life Sci. 58, 1607-1626; Pollard, T.D. et al. (2000) Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 29, 545-576; Welch, M.D. (1999) Trends Cell Biol. 11, 423-427]). In particular, when it comes to the assembly of the intricate branched actin network at the leading edge of lamellipodia, the Arp2/3 complex seems to have received all the attention in recent years. In parallel, but not so much in the spotlight, several reports showed that actin on its own can assume different conformations [Bubb, M.R. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 20999-21006; Schoenenberger, C.-A. et al. (1999) Microsc. Res. Tech. 47, 38-50; Steinmetz, M.O. et al. (1998) J. Mol. Biol. 278, 793-811; Steinmetz, M.O. et al. (1997) J. Cell Biol. 138, 559-574; Millonig, R., Salvo, H. and Aebi, U. (1988) J. Cell Biol. 106, 785-796] through which it drives its supramolecular patterning, and which ultimately generate its functional diversity.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Structural Biology (Fahrenkrog)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Structural Biology (Schoenenberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Schoenenberger, Cora-Ann and Fahrenkrog, Birthe
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier Science
ISSN:0014-5793
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:44
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:23

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