Placode and neural crest-derived sensory neurons are responsive at early developmental stages to brain-derived neurotrophic factor

Lindsay, R. M. and Thoenen, H. and Barde, Y. A.. (1985) Placode and neural crest-derived sensory neurons are responsive at early developmental stages to brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Developmental biology, Vol. 112, H. 2. pp. 319-328.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259577

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The response of embryonic chick nodose ganglion (neural placode-derived) and dorsal root ganglion (neural crest-derived) sensory neurons to the survival and neurite-promoting activity of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was studied in culture. In dissociated, neuron-enriched cultures established from chick embryos between Day 6 (E6) and Day 12 (E12) of development, both nodose ganglion (NG) and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were responsive on laminin-coated culture dishes to BDNF. In the case of NG, BDNF elicited neurite outgrowth from 40 to 50% of the neurons plated at three embryonic ages; E6, E9, and E12. At the same ages, nerve growth factor (NGF) alone or in combination with BDNF, had little or no effect upon neurite outgrowth from NG neurons. The response of NG neurons to BDNF was dose dependent and was sustainable for at least 7 days in culture. Surprisingly, in view of a previous study carried out using polyornithine as a substrate for neuronal cell attachment, on laminin-coated dishes BDNF also sustained survival and neurite outgrowth from a high percentage (60-70%) of DRG neurons taken from E6 embryos. In marked contrast to NG neurons, the combined effect of saturating levels of BDNF and NGF activity on DRG neurons was greater than the effect of either agent alone at all embryonic ages studied. Under similar culture conditions, BDNF did not elicit survival and neurite outgrowth from paravertebral chain sympathetic neurons or parasympathetic ciliary ganglion neurons. We propose that primary sensory neurons, regardless of their embryological origin, are responsive to a "central-target" (CNS) derived neurotrophic factor--BDNF, while they are differentially responsive to "peripheral-target"-derived growth factors, such as NGF, depending on whether the neurons are of neural crest or placodal origin.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Barde)
UniBasel Contributors:Barde, Yves-Alain
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Academic Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:21
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:22

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