edoc

The contribution of reduction in malaria as a cause of rapid decline of under-five mortality : evidence from the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in rural Tanzania

Kanté, Almamy M. and Nathan, Rose and Helleringer, Stéphane and Sigilbert, Mrema and Levira, Francis and Masanja, Honorati and de Savigny, Don and Abdulla, Salim and Phillips, James F.. (2014) The contribution of reduction in malaria as a cause of rapid decline of under-five mortality : evidence from the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in rural Tanzania. Malaria journal, Vol. 13 , 180.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License CC BY (Attribution).

494Kb

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6288949

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

Under-five mortality has been declining rapidly in a number of sub-Saharan African settings. Malaria-related mortality is known to be a major component of childhood causes of death and malaria remains a major focus of health interventions. The paper explored the contribution of malaria relative to other specific causes of under-five deaths to these trends.; This paper uses longitudinal demographic surveillance data to examine trends and causes of death of under-five mortality in Rufiji, whose population has been followed for over nine years (1999-2007). Causes of death, determined by the verbal autopsy technique, are analysed with Arriaga's decomposition method to assess the contribution of declining malaria-related mortality relative to other causes of death as explaining a rapid decline in overall childhood mortality.; Over the 1999-2007 period, under-five mortality rate in Rufiji declined by 54.3%, from 33.3 to 15.2 per 1,000 person-years. If this trend is sustained, Rufiji will be a locality that achieves MDG4 target. Although hypotrophy at birth remained the leading cause of death for neonates, malaria remains as the leading cause of death for post-neonates followed by pneumonia. However, declines in malaria death rates accounted for 49.9% of the observed under-five mortality decline while all perinatal causes accounted for only 19.9%.; To achieve MDG 4 in malaria endemic settings, health programmes should continue efforts to reduce malaria mortality and more efforts are also needed to improve newborn survival.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Former Units within Swiss TPH > Health Systems and Policies (de Savigny)
UniBasel Contributors:de Savigny, Donald
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1475-2875
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Related URLs:
Identification Number:
Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:56
Deposited On:07 Nov 2014 08:28

Repository Staff Only: item control page