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High prevalence of Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections in humans, Cambodia, 2012

Inpankaew, Tawin and Schär, Fabian and Dalsgaard, Anders and Khieu, Virak and Chimnoi, Wissanuwat and Chhoun, Chamnan and Sok, Daream and Marti, Hanspeter and Muth, Sinuon and Odermatt, Peter and Traub, Rebecca J.. (2014) High prevalence of Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections in humans, Cambodia, 2012. Emerging infectious diseases, Vol. 20, H. 6. pp. 976-982.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6288947

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Abstract

Ancylostoma ceylanicum, a hookworm of canids and felids in Asia, is becoming the second most common hookworm infecting humans. In 2012, we investigated the prevalence and infection dynamics of and risk factors for hookworm infections in humans and dogs in a rural Cambodian village. Over 57% of the population was infected with hookworms; of those, 52% harbored A. ceylanicum hookworms. The greatest intensities of A. ceylanicum eggs were in persons 21-30 years of age. Over 90% of dogs also harbored A. ceylanicum hookworms. Characterization of the cytochrome oxidase-1 gene divided isolates of A. ceylanicum hookworms into 2 groups, 1 containing isolates from humans only and the other a mix of isolates from humans and animals. We hypothesize that preventative chemotherapy in the absence of concurrent hygiene and animal health programs may be a factor leading to emergence of A. ceylanicum infections; thus, we advocate for a One Health approach to control this zoonosis.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Helminths and Health (Odermatt)
UniBasel Contributors:Marti, Hanspeter and Odermatt, Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:National Center for Infectious Diseases
ISSN:1080-6040
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:07 Nov 2014 08:28
Deposited On:07 Nov 2014 08:28

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