edoc

Crop manuring and intensive land management by Europe’s first farmers

Bogaard, A. and Fraser, R. and Heaton, T. H. E. and Wallace, M. and Vaiglova, P. and Charles, M. and Jones, G. and Evershed, R. P. and Styring, A. K. and Andersen, N. H. and Arbogast, R. -M. and Bartosiewicz, L. and Gardeisen, A. and Kanstrup, M. and Maier, U. and Marinova, E. and Ninov, E. and Schäfer, M. and Stephan, E.. (2013) Crop manuring and intensive land management by Europe’s first farmers. Pnas, Vol. 110 H. 31 , S. 12589–12594.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6223263

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

The spread of farming from western Asia to Europe had profound long-term social and ecological impacts, but identification of the specific nature of Neolithic land management practices and the dietary contribution of early crops has been problematic. Here, we present previously undescribed stable isotope determinations of charred cereals and pulses from 13 Neolithic sites across Europe (dating ca. 5900–2400 cal B.C.), which show that early farmers used livestock manure and water management to enhance crop yields. Intensive manuring inextricably linked plant cultivation and animal herding and contributed to the remarkable resilience of these combined practices across diverse climatic zones. Critically, our findings suggest that commonly applied paleodietary interpretations of human and herbivore δ15N values have systematically underestimated the contribution of crop-derived protein to early farmer diets Deutschland - Dänemark - Grossbritannien - Bulgarien - Ungarn - Griechenland - Düngen - Dung - Isotop
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA) > Archäozoologie (Schibler)
UniBasel Contributors:Schäfer, Marguerita
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Related URLs:
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Mar 2015 07:44
Deposited On:15 Aug 2014 07:16

Repository Staff Only: item control page