Identification of androgen-selective androgen-response elements in the human aquaporin-5 and Rad9 genes

Moehren, U. and Denayer, S. and Podvinec, M. and Verrijdt, G. and Claessens, F.. (2008) Identification of androgen-selective androgen-response elements in the human aquaporin-5 and Rad9 genes. The Biochemical Journal, Vol. 411, Pt. 3. pp. 679-686.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259303

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The AR (androgen receptor) is known to influence the expression of its target genes by binding to different sets of AREs (androgen-response elements) in the DNA. One set consists of the classical steroid-response elements which are partial palindromic repeats of the 5'-TGTTCT-3' steroid-receptor monomer-binding element. The second set contains motifs that are AR-specific and that are proposed to be partial direct repeats of the same motif. On the basis of this assumption, we used an in silico approach to identify new androgen-selective AREs in the regulatory regions of known androgen-responsive genes. We have used an extension of the NUBIScan algorithm to screen a collection of 85 known human androgen-responsive genes compiled from literature and database searches. We report the evaluation of the most promising hits resulting from this computational search by in vitro DNA-binding assays using full-size ARs and GRs (glucocorticoid receptors) as well as their isolated DBDs (DNA-binding domains). We also describe the ability of some of these motifs to confer androgen-, but not glucocorticoid-, responsiveness to reporter-gene expression. The elements found in the aquaporin-5 and the Rad9 (radiation-sensitive 9) genes showed selective AR versus GR binding in band-shift assays and a strong activity and selectivity in functional assays, both as isolated elements and in their original contexts. Our data indicate the validity of the hypothesis that selective AREs are recognizable as direct 5'-TGTTCT-3' repeats, and extend the list of currently known selective elements.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Services Biozentrum > Research IT (Podvinec)
UniBasel Contributors:Podvinec, Michael
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Portland Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:21
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:22

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