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Psychopathology and offense types in detained male juveniles

Plattner, Belinda and Giger, Joël and Bachmann, Friedel and Brühwiler, Karl and Steiner, Hans and Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph and Bessler, Cornelia and Aebi, Marcel. (2012) Psychopathology and offense types in detained male juveniles. Psychiatry research, Vol. 198, H. 2. pp. 285-290.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6254490

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Abstract

A substantial proportion of violent crime is committed by juveniles. In detained juveniles, high rates of psychopathology have been found. The objective of this study was to determine psychopathology associated with offense characteristics in detained male adolescents. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess juvenile detainees. The final sample included 275 males (mean age=16.45, S.D.=1.27 years). Multivariate logistic regressions yielded significant associations between psychopathology and specific offense types: The presence of substance use disorders (without alcohol) (SUD) was found to predict drug-related crimes, and the presence of alcohol use disorders (AUD) without further SUD were a predictor of violent crime, especially in older juveniles. The absence of anxiety disorder, especially in younger juveniles, was found to be relevant for the prediction of robbery. The results of the study suggest that the use and abuse of legal and illegal substances might be a trigger for serious violent and drug-related crimes in juveniles. In particular, the presence of AUD is presumed to have a pivotal role in the development of impulsive aggression. These findings are important when considering the serious social impact of violent behaviors in adolescents.
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0165-1781
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 May 2014 08:34
Deposited On:23 May 2014 08:34

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