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Fluorine-18 click radiosynthesis and preclinical evaluation of a new 18F-labeled folic acid derivative

Ross, Tobias L. and Honer, Michael and Lam, Phoebe Y. H. and Mindt, Thomas L. and Groehn, Viola and Schibli, Roger and Schubiger, P. August and Ametamey, Simon M.. (2008) Fluorine-18 click radiosynthesis and preclinical evaluation of a new 18F-labeled folic acid derivative. Bioconjugate chemistry, Vol. 19, H. 12. pp. 2462-2470.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006906

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Abstract

The folate receptor (FR) is highly expressed on most epithelial cancer cells, while normal cells show only restricted expression of FR. As a result, the FR is an ideal target for receptor-based molecular imaging and therapy of cancer and has become a promising target in oncology. To date, several folate-based chemotherapeutics and imaging probes such as radiopharmaceuticals for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) have been developed. However, an (18)F-labeled folic acid derivative suitable for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging that can be routinely applied is still lacking. In this study, a new fluorinated and radiofluorinated folic acid derivative, (18/19)F-click folate, was synthesized using click chemistry. In a convenient and very efficient two-step radiosynthesis, the isolated (18)F-click folate was obtained in good radiochemical yields of 25-35% with a specific activity of 160+/-70 GBq/micromol after >or=90 min synthesis time. The new compound was pharmacologically evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The affinity of the non-radioactive (19)F-click folate to the FR was determined in displacement studies with FR expressing KB tumor cells using (3)H-folic acid. In these in vitro binding studies, a nanomolar affinity with a K(i) of 9.76+/-3.13 nM was found for (19)F-click folate. The (18)F-labeled click folate derivative was then applied for in vivo PET studies and ex vivo biodistribution experiments using nude mice bearing KB tumor xenografts. The post mortem dissection experiments showed a high specific uptake of (18)F-click folate derivative in FR-expressing tissues. Uptake in KB tumor xenografts and kidneys (FR-positive tissue) amounted to 3.13%ID/g (94% specific blockade) and 16.53%ID/g (75% specific blockade), respectively. PET imaging using (18)F-click folate permitted a visualization of KB tumors, and blockade studies confirmed the specific accumulation of the radiotracer in vivo. However, strong hepatobiliary excretion of the new tracer led to elevated accumulation of radioactivity in the abdominal region. In conclusion, the click chemistry approach is convenient to accomplish and provided high radiochemical yields of (18)F-click folate. The new tracer showed good in vitro but limited in vivo properties. Ultimately, the (18)F-click folate emphasizes the potential of (18)F-labeled folates for receptor-based tumor PET imaging.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologische Chemie (Mindt)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologische Chemie (Mindt)
UniBasel Contributors:Mindt, Thomas L.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1520-4812
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 May 2014 08:33
Deposited On:23 May 2014 08:33

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