Yersinia enterocolitica YopP-induced apoptosis of macrophages involves the apoptotic signaling cascade upstream of bid

Denecker, G. and Declercq, W. and Geuijen, C. A. and Boland, A. and Benabdillah, R. and van Gurp, M. and Sory, M. P. and Vandenabeele, P. and Cornelis, G. R.. (2001) Yersinia enterocolitica YopP-induced apoptosis of macrophages involves the apoptotic signaling cascade upstream of bid. Journal of biological chemistry, Vol. 276 , no. 23. pp. 19706-19714.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259171

Downloads: Statistics Overview


Yersinia enterocolitica induces apoptosis in macrophages by injecting the plasmid-encoded YopP (YopJ in other Yersinia species). Recently it was reported that YopP/J is a member of an ubiquitin-like protein cysteine protease family and that the catalytic core of YopP/J is required for its inhibition of the MAPK and NF-kappaB pathways. Here we analyzed the YopP/J-induced apoptotic signaling pathway. YopP-mediated cell death could be inhibited by addition of the zVAD caspase inhibitor, but not by DEVD or YVAD. Generation of truncated Bid (tBid) was the first apoptosis-related event that we observed. The subsequent translocation of tBid to the mitochondria induced the release of cytochrome c, leading to the activation of procaspase-9 and the executioner procaspases-3 and -7. Inhibition of the postmitochondrial executioner caspases-3 and -7 did not affect Bid cleavage. Bid cleavage could not be observed in a yopP-deficient Y. enterocolitica strain, showing that this event requires YopP. Disruption of the catalytic core of YopP abolished the rapid generation of tBid, thereby hampering induction of apoptosis by Y. enterocolitica. This finding supports the idea that YopP/J induces apoptosis by directly acting on cell death pathways, rather than being the mere consequence of gene induction inhibition in combination with microbial stimulation of the macrophage.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Molecular Microbiology (Cornelis)
UniBasel Contributors:Cornelis, Guy R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:22

Repository Staff Only: item control page