Up-regulation of the Yersinia enterocolitica yop regulon by deletion of the flagellum master operon flhDC

Bleves, S. and Marenne, M. -N. and Detry, G. and Cornelis, G. R.. (2002) Up-regulation of the Yersinia enterocolitica yop regulon by deletion of the flagellum master operon flhDC. Journal of bacteriology, Vol. 184, H. 12. pp. 3214-3223.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259160

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The Yop virulon enables extracellularly located Yersinia, in close contact with a eukaryotic target cell, to inject bacterial toxic proteins directly into the cytosol of this cell. Several Ysc proteins, forming the Yop secretion apparatus, display homology with proteins of the flagellar basal body. To determine whether this relationship could extend to the regulatory pathways, we analyzed the influence of flhDC, the master regulatory operon of the flagellum, on the yop regulon. In an flhDC mutant, the yop regulon was up-regulated. The transcription of virF and the steady-state level of the transcriptional activator VirF were enhanced. yop transcription was increased at 37 degrees C and could also be detected at a low temperature. Yop secretion was increased at 37 degrees C and occurred even at a low temperature. The Ysc secretion machinery was thus functional at room temperature in the absence of flagella, implying that in wild-type bacteria, FlhD and/or FlhC, or the product of a gene downstream of flhDC, represses the yop regulon. In agreement with this notion, increased expression of flhDC in wild-type bacteria resulted in the oversecretion of flagellins at room temperature and in decreased Yop secretion at 37 degrees C.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Molecular Microbiology (Cornelis)
UniBasel Contributors:Cornelis, Guy R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:21

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