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Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of quetiapine in a patient with a massive overdose

Bodmer, M. and Burkard, T. and Kummer, O. and Beyrau, R. and Krähenbühl, S. and Haschke, M.. (2008) Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of quetiapine in a patient with a massive overdose. Therapeutic drug monitoring, Vol. 30, H. 4. pp. 553-556.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006019

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Abstract

We present a case of massive overdose with the atypical antipsychotic quetiapine in a 34-year-old woman (body weight 65 kg). At admission, approximately 2 to 4 hours after ingestion of approximately 24 g of quetiapine, the patient was comatose (Glasgow Coma Scale score 5), requiring orotracheal intubation and transfer to the intensive care unit. Because of myoclonic jerks and generalized seizures, benzodiazepines were administered. In addition to transient mild hypotension after intubation, the main cardiovascular manifestation was sinus tachycardia. The QT interval was normal, and the QTc interval (Bazett's correction) was maximally prolonged to 620 ms. However, no malignant arrhythmias were observed. The patient recovered within 2 days but remained agitated and aggressive, for which she was transferred to the psychiatric clinic. The pharmacokinetics of quetiapine in such a large overdose could not be described by simple first-order kinetics. The initially observed rapid decline of the plasma concentrations of quetiapine could be simulated by first-order kinetics (half life = 4.1 hr) and can most probably be explained by rapid distribution into tissues. The final elimination of the drug from the body occurred after approximately 34 hours at much slower rate, most probably reflecting redistribution from tissues into blood and consecutive hepatic clearance of the drug.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Pharmakologie > Klinische Pharmakologie (Krähenbühl)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Pharmakologie > Klinische Pharmakologie (Krähenbühl)
UniBasel Contributors:Krähenbühl, Stephan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Raven Press
ISSN:0163-4356
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Apr 2014 08:01
Deposited On:25 Apr 2014 08:01

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