'Spontaneous' periocular hemorrhage and macrohematuria

Jaggi, Gregor P. and Killer, Hanspeter E.. (2008) 'Spontaneous' periocular hemorrhage and macrohematuria. Ophthalmologica, 222 (6). pp. 422-423.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6003903

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PURPOSE: To report on a 19-year-old man with 'spontaneous' periocular hemorrhage and macrohematuria as the first signs of a bone-marrow-infiltrating rhabdomyosarcoma of the left superior rectus muscle. PROCEDURES: Clinical eye examination, magnetic resonance imaging, laboratory workup and bone marrow biopsy were performed. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass lesion in the left superior rectus muscle. While funduscopy had initially been normal, optic disc swelling, retinal hemorrhage and vitreous cell infiltration could be seen in the further course of disease. Laboratory work-up showed macrohematuria, thrombocytopenia and decreased concentration levels of plasma fibrinogen. Thromboplastin time was decreased. A bone marrow biopsy revealed small cell infiltration; using immunohistochemistry, a rhabdomyosarcoma was diagnosed. Unfortunately, the patient died few months later, in spite of chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: 'Spontaneous' periocular hemorrhage and macrohematuria were the first signs of a bone-marrow-infiltrating rhabdomyosarcoma in this young and otherwise healthy patient.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialf├Ącher (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialf├Ącher (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
UniBasel Contributors:Killer, Hanspeter E.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Oct 2017 06:58
Deposited On:25 Apr 2014 08:01

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