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[Osteotomies of the distal tibia and hindfoot for ankle realignment]

Hintermann, B. and Knupp, M. and Barg, A.. (2008) [Osteotomies of the distal tibia and hindfoot for ankle realignment]. Der Orthopäde, Vol. 37, H. 3 , S. 212-218, 220-223.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005549

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Abstract

Asymmetric load of the ankle joint often results in degenerative disease. Although reconstructive surgery, including osteotomies above and beneath the tibiotalar joint, is possible, there are little data with respect to its evidence. This article presents general considerations for osteotomies around the osteoarthritic ankle and elaborates a rationale for the technical procedure. Additional measures for correcting the deformed and malaligned hindfoot are also elucidated.As a principle, opening-wedge and closing-wedge osteotomies are possible in one or more planes. In some instances, inframalleolar osteotomies are also necessary to achieve proper alignment of the foot. If present, imbalance of soft tissues, such as incompetence of ligaments and insufficiency of tendons, must also be addressed.Our results have shown that osteotomies above and beneath the ankle joint are able to correct deformities and incongruencies at the tibiotalar joint over the years, thus avoiding further cartilage wear. In some patients, the tibiotalar joint regained a regular joint space that can be attributed to potential regeneration of cartilage. In all but a few cases (>5%), arthrodesis or total ankle replacement has been successfully avoided. This benefit is even more important because mostly younger, active patients are involved, and long-term results after arthrodesis and total ankle replacement are critical. Therefore, our treatment strategy is to correct the deformity first to achieve a well-aligned and balanced tibiotalar joint. If necessary, total ankle replacement is considered in a second stage.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Bewegungsapparat und Integument
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Bewegungsapparat und Integument
UniBasel Contributors:Hintermann, Beat
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer-Verlag
ISSN:0085-4530
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Apr 2014 08:00
Deposited On:25 Apr 2014 08:00

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