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Does a clinician's sex influence treatment decisions?

Zitzmann, Nicola U. and Zemp, Elisabeth and Weiger, Roland and Lang, Niklaus P. and Walter, Clemens. (2011) Does a clinician's sex influence treatment decisions? The international journal of prosthodontics, Vol. 24, H. 6. pp. 507-514.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004451

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Abstract

PURPOSE: As more women are entering health professions, the health care system is becoming more feminized. This investigation evaluated gender differences in clinicians' treatment preferences and decision making in a complex treatment situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed containing clinical cases and statements to assess practitioners' opinions on treatment of periodontally involved maxillary molars and implant therapy with sinus grafting. Data were analyzed with respect to the clinicians' sex, and an overall logistic regression was performed to further investigate possible influences of age, office location, and specialty. RESULTS: Three hundred forty questionnaires were evaluated (response rate: 35.1%). The mean age of female respondents (37%) was 42 years, and the mean age of male respondents was 46 years. Significantly fewer women reported performing implant placement (35% vs 63%), sinus grafting (16% vs 43%), and periodontal surgery (57% vs 68%). Female practitioners tended to refer more patients to specialists. Participants favored sinus grafting more often for their spouses than for themselves. Apart from a preference for regenerative periodontal surgery among women, no gender differences were observed for treatment decisions or views on general statements related to implant preference, tooth maintenance, or conventional reconstructive therapies. CONCLUSIONS: With similar expert knowledge, treatment decisions were made irrespective of sex. While the majority of male care providers performed complex therapies themselves, female clinicians referred more patients to specialists
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Zahnmedizin > Klinik Zahnerhaltung
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Zahnmedizin > Klinik Zahnerhaltung > Zahnerhaltung (Weiger)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Society, Gender and Health > Gender and Health (Zemp Stutz)
UniBasel Contributors:Zitzmann, Nicola and Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth and Weiger, Roland and Walter, Clemens
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Quintessence Publishing
ISSN:0893-2174
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:29 May 2017 13:02
Deposited On:27 Mar 2014 13:13

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