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Microparticles (ectosomes) shed by stored human platelets downregulate macrophages and modify the development of dendritic cells

Sadallah, Salima and Eken, Ceylan and Martin, Perrine J. and Schifferli, Jürg A.. (2011) Microparticles (ectosomes) shed by stored human platelets downregulate macrophages and modify the development of dendritic cells. Journal of immunology, Vol. 186, H. 11. pp. 6543-6552.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005915

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Abstract

Microparticles (MP) shed by platelets (PLT) during storage have procoagulant activities, but little is known about their properties to modify inflammation or immunity. In this study, we studied the capacity of MP present in PLT concentrates to alter the function of macrophages and dendritic cells (DC). The size of the purified MP was between 100 and 1000 nm, and they expressed phosphatidylserine; surface proteins of PLT (CD61, CD36, CD47), including complement inhibitors (CD55, CD59), but not CD63; and proteins acquired from plasma (C1q, C3 fragments, factor H). These characteristics suggest that the MP shed by PLT are formed by budding from the cell surface, corresponding to ectosomes. The purified PLT ectosomes (PLT-Ect) reduced the release of TNF-? and IL-10 by macrophages activated with LPS or zymosan A. In addition, PLT-Ect induced the immediate release of TGF-? from macrophages, a release that was not modified by LPS or zymosan A. Macrophages had a reduced TNF-? release even 24 h after their exposure to PLT-Ect, suggesting that PLT-Ect induced a modification of the differentiation of macrophages. Similarly, the conventional 6-d differentiation of monocytes to immature DC by IL-4 and GM-CSF was modified by the presence of PLT-Ect during the first 2 d. Immature DC expressed less HLA-DP DQ DR and CD80 and lost part of their phagocytic activity, and their LPS-induced maturation was downmodulated when exposed to PLT-Ect. These data indicate that PLT-Ect shed by stored PLT have intrinsic properties that modify macrophage and DC differentiation toward less reactive states.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Immunonephrology (Schifferli)
UniBasel Contributors:Schifferli, Jürg A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Assoc. of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Feb 2014 15:45
Deposited On:27 Feb 2014 15:45

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