The epidemiology and evolution of symbionts with mixed-mode Transmission

Ebert, Dieter. (2013) The epidemiology and evolution of symbionts with mixed-mode Transmission. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 44. pp. 623-643.

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Vertical and horizontal transmission are terms that describe the transfer of symbionts from parents to offspring and among unrelated hosts, respectively. Many symbionts, including parasites, pathogens, mutualists, and microbiota, use a combination of both strategies, known as mixed-mode transmission (MMT). Here I review what is known about the evolution, ecology, and epidemiology of symbionts with MMT and compare MMT with our expec- tations for single-mode strategies. Symbionts with MMT are common and, in comparison with single-mode symbionts, show many surprising features. MMT combines the best of two worlds with regard to the ecological condi- tions required for persistence and plays a role in the evolution of virulence and genome architecture. Even rare transmission by the minority type of these two transmission modes can make a big difference for the system. This review explores the conceptual issues surrounding the dynamics of mixed- mode symbionts by reviewing literature from the entire range of host and symbiont taxa.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Evolutionary Biology (Ebert)
UniBasel Contributors:Ebert, Dieter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Annual Reviews
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:02 Oct 2017 08:11
Deposited On:31 Jan 2014 09:50

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