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The epidemiology and evolution of symbionts with mixed-mode Transmission

Ebert, Dieter. (2013) The epidemiology and evolution of symbionts with mixed-mode Transmission. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 44. pp. 623-643.

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Abstract

Vertical and horizontal transmission are terms that describe the transfer of symbionts from parents to offspring and among unrelated hosts, respectively. Many symbionts, including parasites, pathogens, mutualists, and microbiota, use a combination of both strategies, known as mixed-mode transmission (MMT). Here I review what is known about the evolution, ecology, and epidemiology of symbionts with MMT and compare MMT with our expec- tations for single-mode strategies. Symbionts with MMT are common and, in comparison with single-mode symbionts, show many surprising features. MMT combines the best of two worlds with regard to the ecological condi- tions required for persistence and plays a role in the evolution of virulence and genome architecture. Even rare transmission by the minority type of these two transmission modes can make a big difference for the system. This review explores the conceptual issues surrounding the dynamics of mixed- mode symbionts by reviewing literature from the entire range of host and symbiont taxa.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Zoologie > Evolutionary Biology (Ebert)
UniBasel Contributors:Ebert, Dieter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Annual Reviews
ISSN:1543-592X
e-ISSN:1545-2069
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:02 Oct 2017 08:11
Deposited On:31 Jan 2014 09:50

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