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Endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductin-1α (Ero1α) improves folding and secretion of mutant proinsulin and limits mutant proinsulin-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress

Wright, Jordan and Birk, Julia and Haataja, Leena and Liu, Ming and Ramming, Thomas and Weiss, Michael A. and Appenzeller-Herzog, Christian and Arvan, Peter. (2013) Endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductin-1α (Ero1α) improves folding and secretion of mutant proinsulin and limits mutant proinsulin-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress. Journal of biological chemistry, 288 (43). pp. 31010-31018.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6205553

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Abstract

Upon chronic up-regulation of proinsulin synthesis, misfolded proinsulin can accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of pancreatic β-cells, promoting ER stress and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In Mutant Ins-gene-induced Diabetes of Youth (MIDY), misfolded mutant proinsulin impairs ER exit of co-expressed wild-type proinsulin, limiting insulin production and leading to eventual β-cell death. In this study we have investigated the hypothesis that increased expression of ER oxidoreductin-1α (Ero1α), despite its established role in the generation of H2O2, might nevertheless be beneficial in limiting proinsulin misfolding and its adverse downstream consequences. Increased Ero1α expression is effective in promoting wild-type proinsulin export from cells co-expressing misfolded mutant proinsulin. In addition, we find that upon increased Ero1α expression, some of the MIDY mutants themselves are directly rescued from ER retention. Secretory rescue of proinsulin-G(B23)V is correlated with improved oxidative folding of mutant proinsulin. Indeed, using three different variants of Ero1α, we find that expression of either wild-type or an Ero1α variant lacking regulatory disulfides can rescue mutant proinsulin-G(B23)V, in parallel with its ability to provide an oxidizing environment in the ER lumen, whereas beneficial effects were less apparent for a redox-inactive form of Ero1. Increased expression of protein disulfide isomerase antagonizes the rescue provided by oxidatively active Ero1. Importantly, ER stress induced by misfolded proinsulin was limited by increased expression of Ero1α, suggesting that enhancing the oxidative folding of proinsulin may be a viable therapeutic strategy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Molecular and Systems Toxicology (Odermatt)
UniBasel Contributors:Appenzeller, Christian and Birk, Julia and Ramming, Thomas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
ISSN:0021-9258
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:27 Sep 2017 10:10
Deposited On:31 Jan 2014 09:49

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