Very fast folding and association of a trimerization domain from bacteriophage T4 fibritin

Guthe, S. and Kapinos, L. and Moglich, A. and Meier, S. and Grzesiek, S. and Kiefhaber, T.. (2004) Very fast folding and association of a trimerization domain from bacteriophage T4 fibritin. Journal of molecular biology, Vol. 337, H. 4. pp. 905-915.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258788

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The foldon domain constitutes the C-terminal 30 amino acid residues of the trimeric protein fibritin from bacteriophage T4. Its function is to promote folding and trimerization of fibritin. We investigated structure, stability and folding mechanism of the isolated foldon domain. The domain folds into the same trimeric beta-propeller structure as in fibritin and undergoes a two-state unfolding transition from folded trimer to unfolded monomers. The folding kinetics involve several consecutive reactions. Structure formation in the region of the single beta-hairpin of each monomer occurs on the submillisecond timescale. This reaction is followed by two consecutive association steps with rate constants of 1.9(+/-0.5)x10(6)M(-1)s(-1) and 5.4(+/-0.3)x10(6)M(-1)s(-1) at 0.58 M GdmCl, respectively. This is similar to the fastest reported bimolecular association reactions for folding of dimeric proteins. At low concentrations of protein, folding shows apparent third-order kinetics. At high concentrations of protein, the reaction becomes almost independent of protein concentrations with a half-time of about 3 ms, indicating that a first-order folding step from a partially folded trimer to the native protein (k=210 +/- 20 s(-1)) becomes rate-limiting. Our results suggest that all steps on the folding/trimerization pathway of the foldon domain are evolutionarily optimized for rapid and specific initiation of trimer formation during fibritin assembly. The results further show that beta-hairpins allow efficient and rapid protein-protein interactions during folding.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Grzesiek)
UniBasel Contributors:Kapinos Schneider, Larisa E. E and G├╝the, Sarah and Grzesiek, Stephan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:00
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:21

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