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Quantitative 3D soft tissue analysis of symmetry prior to and after unilateral cleft lip repair compared with non-cleft persons (performed in Cambodia)

Schwenzer-Zimmerer, K. and Chaitidis, D. and Berg-Boerner, I. and Krol, Z. and Kovacs, L. and Schwenzer, N. F. and Zimmerer, S. and Holberg, C. and Zeilhofer, H. F.. (2008) Quantitative 3D soft tissue analysis of symmetry prior to and after unilateral cleft lip repair compared with non-cleft persons (performed in Cambodia). Journal of cranio-maxillofacial surgery, Vol. 36, H. 8. pp. 431-438.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6003578

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Abstract

OBJECT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical application of three-dimensional (3D) imaging and morphological analysis with subsequent individual therapy planning and postoperative 3D symmetry control in comparison with data from non-cleft persons. DESIGN: This was a prospective study using a 3D surface-imaging and evaluation system in cleft patients and non-cleft persons. The pre- and postoperative 3D facial profiles were recorded from the patients using a 3D laser scanner. The preoperative 3D image was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively for an individual therapy planning. On the basis of ratios and scores, based on empirical regions of interest, the technique of cleft repair was designed individually. The postoperative result was evaluated regarding symmetry. The surgically created soft tissue shift was defined quantitatively and visualized with vectors. The postoperative symmetry was compared with 3D data from a group of non-cleft persons of the same ethnical group. PATIENTS: Eleven patients (mean age 13.8 years, median 13, minimum 2, maximum 41 years) with either a unilateral isolated cleft lip, a cleft lip and alveolus or a complete unilateral cleft lip, alveolus and palate and 25 non-cleft persons (8 children between 4 and 12 years, 17 adults (9 men, 8 women) between 18 and 50 years). All these persons investigated were Asians of Khmer origin. RESULTS: The analysis permitted quantitative 3D evaluation. The 3D anthropometric data of the non-cleft Khmer persons were collected and named the gold standard of symmetry in this ethnical group. All postoperative 3D images reached symmetrical values within the range of the normal cohort. Soft tissue shifts from pre- to postoperative sites could be visualized. CONCLUSION: A new method for registration was described enabling follow-up registration in patients when growing older. This 3D soft tissue analysis can be a useful tool in quantitative analysis and objective follow-up control in cleft patients. It offers deeper insight into the complex morphology to be treated and could contribute to individualisation of surgical procedures.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Kopfbereich > Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie (Zeilhofer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Kopfbereich > Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie (Zeilhofer)
UniBasel Contributors:Zeilhofer, Hans-Florian and Schwenzer-Zimmerer, Katja
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Churchill Livingstone
ISSN:0301-0503
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2013 08:28
Deposited On:08 Nov 2013 08:28

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