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Associations between mental disorders and the common cold in adults: a population based cross-sectional study

Adam, Y. and Meinlschmidt, Gunther and Lieb, Roselind. (2013) Associations between mental disorders and the common cold in adults: a population based cross-sectional study. Journal of psychosomatic research, Vol. 74, H. 1. pp. 69-73.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6168343

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Abstract

To investigate the association between specific mental disorders and the common cold. Methods: Negative binomial regression analyses were applied to examine crosssectional associations of a broad range of mental disorders according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) employing the standardized diagnostic Munich Composite International Interview, with the self-reported number of occurrences of the common cold during the past 12 months in a representative population sample of 4022 German adults aged 18–65 years. After adjustment for covariates including age, gender, and marital and socioeconomic status, having any 12-month DSM-IV mental disorder (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 1.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.29–1.60), any substance abuse or dependence (IRR = 1.32, 95% CI = 1.14–1.52), possible psychotic disorder (IRR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.09–1.87), any mood disorder (IRR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.16–1.56), any anxiety disorder (IRR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.23–1.59), or any somatoform disorder (IRR = 1.38, 95% CI = 1.18–1.62) was shown to be positively associated with the number of occurrences of a cold during the past 12 months. The presence of a DSM-IV mental disorder was associated with a 44% higher risk of having experienced a cold in the past 12 months. Further studies are needed to explore potential common risk factors for incidence of mental disorders and the common cold, since the pathway connecting them has not been fully determined.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind and Meinlschmidt, Gunther and Adam-Uchiyama, Yuki
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Pergamon Press
ISSN:0022-3999
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:53
Deposited On:13 Sep 2013 07:57

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