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Neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor antisense oligodeoxynucleotides enhance food intake in energy-deprived rats

Schaffhauser, A. O. and Whitebread, S. and Haener, R. and Hofbauer, K. G. and Stricker-Krongrad, A.. (1998) Neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor antisense oligodeoxynucleotides enhance food intake in energy-deprived rats. Regulatory Peptides, Vol. 75-76. pp. 417-423.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258621

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Abstract

In the literature, conflicting data on the effect of NPY Y1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) on food intake have been reported, describing either an increase or a decrease in feeding in antisense-treated animals. In the present studies antisense oligodeoxynucleotides targeted to the Y1 receptor (Y1 antisense ODNs) were used to re-investigate the functional importance of this receptor subtype in vivo in the regulation of feeding in rats. We used phosphothioate-terminal protected derivatives of two ODN sequences used in previous reports. In addition, as one of these sequences was not tested in vitro, we demonstrated its efficacy in LMTK-cells transfected with the Y1 receptor subtype. In vivo, repeated intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections of Y1 antisense ODNs did not affect basal food intake or the increase in food intake after i.c.v. injection of neuropeptide Y (NPY, 300 pmol). Y1 antisense ODNs given intracerebroventricularly enhanced food intake in energy-deprived rats (+175% and +60% vs. control scrambled and sense sequences, respectively after 2 h of refeeding). Analysis of the structure of feeding behaviour revealed that Y1 antisense ODNs enhanced fasting-induced food intake during the first hour of refeeding by inducing increases in meal size (+143% and +155% vs. sense and scrambled ODNs) but not meal duration. These data suggest that the NPY Y1 receptor is not directly implicated in feeding in the rat when calorie intake is normal but might be specifically activated during energy deprivation.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hofbauer)
UniBasel Contributors:Hofbauer, Karl G.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier Science
ISSN:0167-0115
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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