An essential protease involved in bacterial cell-cycle control

Jenal, U. and Fuchs, T.. (1998) An essential protease involved in bacterial cell-cycle control. The EMBO journal, Vol. 17, H. 19. pp. 5658-5669.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258568

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Proteolytic inactivation of key regulatory proteins is essential in eukaryotic cell-cycle control. We have identified a protease in the eubacterium Caulobacter crescentus that is indispensable for viability and cell-cycle progression, indicating that proteolysis is also involved in controlling the bacterial cell cycle. Mutants of Caulobacter that lack the ATP-dependent serine protease ClpXP are arrested in the cell cycle before the initiation of chromosome replication and are blocked in the cell division process. ClpXP is composed of two types of polypeptides, the ClpX ATPase and the ClpP peptidase. Site-directed mutagenesis of the catalytically active serine residue of ClpP confirmed that the proteolytic activity of ClpXP is essential. Analysis of mutants lacking ClpX or ClpP revealed that both proteins are required in vivo for the cell-cycle-dependent degradation of the regulatory protein CtrA. CtrA is a member of the response regulator family of two-component signal transduction systems and controls multiple cell-cycle processes in Caulobacter. In particular, CtrA negatively controls DNA replication and our findings suggest that specific degradation of the CtrA protein by the ClpXP protease contributes to G1-to-S transition in this organism.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
UniBasel Contributors:Jenal, Urs
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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