Neolithic lake-shore Settlements in Switzerland : new insights on site formation processes from micromorphology

Ismail-Meyer, Kristin and Rentzel, Philippe and Wiemann, Philipp. (2013) Neolithic lake-shore Settlements in Switzerland : new insights on site formation processes from micromorphology. Geoarchaeology, Vol. 28, no. 4. pp. 317-339.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6135434

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Lakeside settlements can be regarded as a special type of archaeological site, as, thanks to their location near the shoreline, or even in the lake, various kinds of organic remains have been preserved under waterlogged conditions. This paper presents the results of six-studied Neolithic lake dwellings from Switzerland. A series of natural and anthropogenic site formation processes were identified through micromorphological analysis and have been compared with natural processes in peatlands. The main processes can be summarized as follows: in the littoral zone a carbonate lake marl stratum accumulated prior to construction of the settlement. During lake regressions, the shore platform be- came dry and the settlements were established. Throughout the period of occu- pation, anthropogenic processes led to the accumulation of organic layers. The depositional regime can be characterized as paludal, dominated by constant humidity, and rapid covering of the remains. Some parts of the anthropogenic accumulations have been affected by erosion and reworking processes as a re- sult of lake flooding, and runoff from the hinterland. Finally, the degradation of organic matter occurred only during dry phases when the groundwater level dropped. Seasonality was of great importance in this kind of milieu throughout the various processes described above. Mikroarchäologie - Mikromorphologie - Sediment
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Wetland Archaeology (Menotti)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA) > Geoarchäologie (Rentzel)
UniBasel Contributors:Wiemann, Philipp and Ismail-Meyer, Kristin M. and Rentzel, Philippe
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:18 Dec 2015 09:32
Deposited On:16 Aug 2013 07:32

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