Identification of the protease and the turnover signal responsible for cell cycle-dependent degradation of the Caulobacter FliF motor protein

Grunenfelder, B. and Tawfilis, S. and Gehrig, S. and OSteras, M. and Eglin, D. and Jenal, U.. (2004) Identification of the protease and the turnover signal responsible for cell cycle-dependent degradation of the Caulobacter FliF motor protein. Journal of bacteriology, Vol. 186, H. 15. pp. 4960-4971.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258551

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Flagellar ejection is tightly coupled to the cell cycle in Caulobacter crescentus. The MS ring protein FliF, which anchors the flagellar structure in the inner membrane, is degraded coincident with flagellar release. Previous work showed that removal of 26 amino acids from the C terminus of FliF prevents degradation of the protein and interferes with flagellar assembly. To understand FliF degradation in more detail, we identified the protease responsible for FliF degradation and performed a high-resolution mutational analysis of the C-terminal degradation signal of FliF. Cell cycle-dependent turnover of FliF requires an intact clpA gene, suggesting that the ClpAP protease is required for removal of the MS ring protein. Deletion analysis of the entire C-terminal cytoplasmic portion of FliF C confirmed that the degradation signal was contained in the last 26 amino acids that were identified previously. However, only deletions longer than 20 amino acids led to a stable FliF protein, while shorter deletions dispersed over the entire 26 amino acids critical for turnover had little effect on stability. This indicated that the nature of the degradation signal is not based on a distinct primary amino acid sequence. The addition of charged amino acids to the C-terminal end abolished cell cycle-dependent FliF degradation, implying that a hydrophobic tail feature is important for the degradation of FliF. Consistent with this, ClpA-dependent degradation was restored when a short stretch of hydrophobic amino acids was added to the C terminus of stable FliF mutant forms.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Molecular Microbiology (Jenal)
UniBasel Contributors:Jenal, Urs
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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