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Etiology of anemia among infants, school-aged children, and young non-pregnant women in different settings of south-central Côte d'Ivoire

Righetti, A. A. and Koua, A. Y. and Adiossan, L. G. and Glinz, D. and Hurrell, R. F. and N'Goran, E. K. and Niamke, S. and Wegmüller, R. and Utzinger, J.. (2012) Etiology of anemia among infants, school-aged children, and young non-pregnant women in different settings of south-central Côte d'Ivoire. American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, Vol. 87, H. 3. pp. 425-434.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6094160

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Abstract

Anemia affects one-quarter of the world's population, but its etiology remains poorly understood. We determined the prevalence of anemia and studied underlying risk factors in infants (6-23 months), young school-aged children (6-8 years), and young non-pregnant women (15-25 years) in south-central Cote d'Ivoire. Blood, stool, and urine samples were subjected to standardized quality-controlled methods. We found high prevalence of anemia, malaria, inflammation, and deficiencies of iron, riboflavin, and vitamin A but low prevalence and intensities of soil-transmitted helminth and schistosome infections. Multivariate regression analysis revealed significant associations between anemia and Plasmodium falciparum for infants, inflammation for school-aged children, and cellular iron deficiency for both school-aged children and non-pregnant women. Riboflavin deficiency was a protective factor for anemia in non-pregnant women. Our findings call for interventions to protect infants from malaria, improved intake of dietary iron, and given the importance of anemia of inflammation in school-aged children, regular deworming
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences
UniBasel Contributors:Utzinger, Jürg
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Williams and Wilkins
ISSN:0002-9637
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:16 Aug 2013 07:34
Deposited On:16 Aug 2013 07:29

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