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A description of local pig feeding systems in village smallholder farms of western Kenya

Mutua, F. K. and Dewey, C. and Arimi, S. and Ogara, W. and Levy, M. and Schelling, E.. (2012) A description of local pig feeding systems in village smallholder farms of western Kenya. Tropical animal health and production, Vol. 44, H. 6. pp. 1157-1162.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6094035

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Abstract

We used face-to-face interviews to gather data on pig feeding practices in rural Busia District, Kenya. We visited 164 pig farms three times in the course of the study period. The pigs were weighed in kilograms during the visits. Feeds offered to pigs were described during the interviews. The most frequently fed feedstuffs were; ground maize or 'ugali' (88%), kitchen leftovers (83%) and dried fish locally called 'omena' (78%). Farmers provided pigs with water separately from the feeds. Sweet potatoes, 'ugali' and cassava were available and could serve as good sources of energy for pigs in the district. Fruits and vegetables were also available and could potentially act as good sources of vitamins. Sweet potato vines, 'omena' fish and slaughter blood were available and could provide pigs with proteins. The average daily gain (ADG) for pigs /=10 months old was 94.5 (+/-43), 127 (+/-49.8) and 99 (+/-92) g, respectively (p = 0.000). This study has outlined the different local pig feeds available in Busia district. We recommend two things: first, additional research on nutrient composition for the identified local feeds, and second, developing and validating simple local feed combinations that would achieve balanced local pig rations
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Human and Animal Health
UniBasel Contributors:Schelling, Esther
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Kluwer
ISSN:0049-4747
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Jul 2013 07:44
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:42

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