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Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima-media thickness in young adults

Breton, C. V. and Wang, X. and Mack, W. J. and Berhane, K. and Lopez, M. and Islam, T. S. and Feng, M. and Lurmann, F. and McConnell, R. and Hodis, H. N. and Künzli, N. and Avol, E.. (2012) Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima-media thickness in young adults. Circulation : journal of the American Heart Association, Vol. 126, H. 13. pp. 1614-1620.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6094094

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient air pollutants increases risk for cardiovascular health outcomes in adults. The contribution of childhood air pollutant exposure to cardiovascular health has not been thoroughly evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Testing Responses on Youth study consists of 861 college students recruited from the University of Southern California in 2007-2009. Participants attended one study visit during which blood pressure, heart rate and carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) were assessed. Self-administered questionnaires collected information about health and socio-demographic characteristics and a 12-hr fasting blood sample was drawn for lipid and biomarker analyses. Residential addresses were geocoded and used to assign cumulative air pollutant exposure estimates based on data derived from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Air Quality System (AQS) database. The associations between CIMT and air pollutants were assessed using linear regression analysis. Mean CIMT was 603 mum (+/- 54 SD). A 2 standard deviation (SD) increase in childhood (aged 0-5 years) or elementary school (aged 6-12) O(3) exposure was associated with a 7.8 mum (95% CI -0.3, 15.9) or 10.1 mum (95% CI 1.8, 18.5) higher CIMT, respectively. Lifetime exposure to O(3) showed similar but non-significant associations. No associations were observed for PM(2.5), PM(10) or NO(2) although adjustment for these pollutants strengthened the childhood O(3) associations. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood exposure to O(3) may be a novel risk factor for CIMT in a healthy population of college students. Regulation of air pollutants and efforts that focus on limiting childhood exposures continue to be important public health goals
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology
UniBasel Contributors:Künzli, Nino
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0009-7322
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Jul 2013 07:44
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:41

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