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Differences in aerobic fitness and lifestyle characteristics in preschoolers according to their weight status and sports club participation

Ebenegger, V. and Marques-Vidal, P. and Kriemler, S. and Nydegger, A. and Zahner, L. and Niederer, I. and Bürgi, F. and Puder, J. J.. (2012) Differences in aerobic fitness and lifestyle characteristics in preschoolers according to their weight status and sports club participation. Obesity Facts, 5 (1). pp. 23-33.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6094132

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Abstract

Objective: This study assesses differences in adiposity, aerobic fitness, and lifestyle characteristics in preschoolers according to their weight status and sports club (SC) participation. Method: As part of the Ballabeina study, 600 randomly selected preschoolers (mean age 5.1 +/- 0.6 years; 50.2% girls) were analyzed. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance, aerobic fitness by the 20-meter shuttle run test, and physical activity by accelerometers. Eating habits, media use, and SC participation were assessed by questionnaires. Results: Overweight children (Swiss national percentiles) and children not participating in SC had both lower aerobic fitness and higher % body fat compared to their respective counterparts (all p >/= 0.028). In addition, children not participating in SC were less physically active, had more media use, and ate less healthy compared to children participating in SC (all p >/= 0.023). Controlling for parental sociocultural determinants attenuated differences in % body fat, in physical activity, and in eating habits. Conclusion: Aerobic fitness differs both according to weight status and SC participation in preschoolers. Furthermore, in view of the many differences in lifestyle behaviors, SC participation at this age could represent a more discriminatory indicator of healthy lifestyle characteristics than weight status. Copyright (c) 2012 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Bewegungs- und Trainingswissenschaft > Trainingswissenschaften (Zahner)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology
UniBasel Contributors:Kriemler, Susi and Zahner, Lukas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Karger Publishers
ISSN:1662-4025
e-ISSN:1662-4033
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:10 Oct 2017 10:26
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:41

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