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Binding of a neuropeptide, substance P, to neutral and negatively charged lipids

Seelig, A. and Macdonald, P. M.. (1989) Binding of a neuropeptide, substance P, to neutral and negatively charged lipids. Biochemistry, Vol. 28, H. 6. pp. 2490-2496.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258492

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Abstract

The binding of substance P (SP), a positively charged neurotransmitter peptide, to neutral and to negatively charged phospholipids has been investigated by means of a monolayer technique. Monolayers formed at room temperature from 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol (POPG) or 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), or mixtures of the two, were maintained throughout the course of a binding experiment at a constant surface pressure while the monolayer surface area was monitored. Injection of SP into the aqueous subphase (154 mM NaCl, 10 mM Tris adjusted to pH 7.4) led to an expansion of the monolayer surface area that was attributed to a spontaneous insertion of SP between the lipid molecules. A quantitative evaluation of the area increase at constant pressure yielded SP insertion isotherms that showed that levels of SP insertion increased directly with the monolayer POPG content and decreased to negligible levels at surface pressures above 35 +/- 1 mN/m. If electrostatic effects were ignored, these data showed biphasic behavior in Scatchard plots. The apparent binding constants ranged, at 20 mN/m, from (3.2 +/- 0.3) X 10(4) M-1 for 100% POPG monolayers to (2.0 +/- 0.05) X 10(3) M-1 for 25% POPG/75% POPC monolayers. At 32 mN/m, a monolayer surface pressure that mimics bilayer conditions, the apparent binding constant for a 100% POPG monolayer was measured to be (1.1 +/- 0.05) X 10(3) M-1. However, for a monolayer containing only 25% charged lipids, corresponding to a natural membrane composition, K app at 32 mN/m was estimated to be at most 41 M-1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig A)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig-Löffler, Anna
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0006-2960
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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