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A general pattern for substrate recognition by P-glycoprotein

Seelig, A.. (1998) A general pattern for substrate recognition by P-glycoprotein. European journal of biochemistry, Vol. 251, H. 1/2. pp. 252-261.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258480

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Abstract

P-glycoprotein actively transports a wide variety of chemically diverse compounds out of the cell. Based on a comparison of a hundred compounds previously tested as P-glycoprotein substrates, we suggest that a set of well-defined structural elements is required for an interaction with P-glycoprotein. The recognition elements are formed by two (type I unit) or three electron donor groups (type II unit) with a fixed spatial separation. Type I units consist of two electron donor groups with a spatial separation of 2.5 +/- 0.3 A. Type II units contain either two electron donor groups with a spatial separation of 4.6 +/- 0.6 A or three electron donor groups with a spatial separation of the outer two groups of 4.6 +/- 0.6 A. All molecules that contain at least one type I or one type II unit are predicted to be P-glycoprotein substrates. The binding to P-glycoprotein increases with the strength and the number of electron donor or hydrogen bonding acceptor groups forming the type I and type II units. Correspondingly, a high percentage of amino acids with hydrogen bonding donor side chains is found in the transmembrane sequences of P-glycoprotein relevant for substrate interaction. Molecules that minimally contain one type II unit are predicted to be inducers of P-glycoprotein over-expression.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig A)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig-Löffler, Anna
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Blackwell
ISSN:0014-2956
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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