Old and new selective pressures on Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Brites, Daniela and Gagneux, Sebastien. (2012) Old and new selective pressures on Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infection, genetics and evolution, Vol. 12, H. 4. pp. 678-685.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6083201

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Tuberculosis (TB) has been affecting humans for millennia. There is increasing indication that human-adapted Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) has been co-evolving with different human populations. Some of the most important drivers of MTBC evolution have been the host immune response and human demography. These old selective forces have shaped many of the features of human TB we see today. Two new selective pressures have emerged only a few decades ago, namely HIV co-infection and the use of anti-TB drugs. Here we discuss how the emergence of HIV/TB and drug resistance could impact the long-term balance between MTBC and its human host, and how these changes might influence the future evolutionary trajectory of MTBC.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Tuberculosis Research (Gagneux)
UniBasel Contributors:Gagneux, Sebastien
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Jul 2013 07:43
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:39

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